In the first part, we focus on the case of inaccurate models, and analyze learning-based MPC schemes that include, in addition to the primary cost, a learning cost that aims at generating informative data by inducing excitation in the system. In particular, we first propose a nonlinear MPC framework that ensures desired performance bounds for the resulting closed-loop, and then we focus on linear systems subject to uncertain parameters and noisy output measurements. In order to ensure that the desired learning phase occurs in closed-loop operations, we then propose an MPC framework that is able to guarantee closed-loop learning of the controlled system. In the last part of the thesis, we investigate the scenario where the system is known but evolves in a partially unknown environment. In such a setup, we focus on a learning-based MPC scheme that incentivizes safe exploration if and only if this might yield to a performance improvement.
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